- Shelley Lanzkowsky
- Leora Lanzkowsky
- Philip Lanzkowsky
- Attending Pediatrician, Children's Specialized Hospital, Mountainside, New Jersey
- Department of Radiology, Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, New York
- Chairman, Department of Pediatrics; Chief-of-Staff, Schneider Children's Hospital, Long Island Jewish Medical Center; Professor of Pediatrics, Albert Einstein College of Medicine
The distinctive syndrome of Henoch-Schoenlein purpura (HSP) was first described by Heberden before 1800, and in 1808 English physician Robert Willan described a patient who had swollen, painful joints and a rash.
The syndrome owes its name to two German physicians. In 1837, Johan Schoenlein described several cases of purpura associated with arthritis, which he termed "peliosis rheumatica." In 1868, Edouard Henoch pointed out that the term "peliosis rheumatica" was inappropriate and restrictive because patients who had urticarial purpura and acute arthritis also manifested gastrointestinal symptoms, such as vomiting, colicky abdominal pain, and melena. He described four children who had purpura, colicky abdominal pain, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, and joint pain as well as renal involvement.1 Since these first descriptions, HSP also has been referred to as anaphylactoid, allergic, or rheumatoid purpura; leukocytoclastic vasculitis; and allergic vasculitis.1,2
Seventy-five percent of all cases of HSP occur in children between 2 and 11 years of age, with younger children rarely affected. Children younger than 2 y experience a milder course of illness, with less frequent renal and gastrointestinal manifestations.3 HSP is exceedingly rare in adults, among whom other causes of vasculitis should be considered more likely.
The incidence of HSP is greater in males, with a male-to-female ratio of 1.5 to 2.0:1.
- Copyright © 1992 by the American Academy of Pediatrics