- Betsy Lozoff
- Barry Zuckerman
Sleep problems, such as night waking and bedtime struggles, occur in 20% to 30% of toddlers and preschool-aged children. The management of disturbing sleep behavior is optimized by understanding the physiology of sleep, developmental considerations, and the care-giving environment. Recent research indicates the availability of a variety of effective interventions other than letting children "cry it out." A sleep record is an invaluable tool in designing and implementing an individualized treatment program. Such a program often entails using behavioral techniques in conjunction with understanding normal sleep patterns, parental responses that inadvertently reinforce an undesired sleep behavior, temperamental characteristics of the child, separation and autonomy issues, and parental anxieties. The studies reviewed suggest that effectve intervention is feasible within the constraints of pediatric practice.
- Copyright © 1988 by the American Academy of Pediatrics