Table 8.

Summary of Recommendations for Starting Antiretroviral Therapy (17)(38)

AGECD4 CELL COUNT, /μL (%)HIV CLINICAL ILLNESS SEVERITYRECOMMENDATION
<12 monthsAnyAnyTreat all
1 to <3 years<1,000 (<25)Moderate or SevereTreat for CD4 or clinical criteria
Otherwise consider treatment, especially if VL >100,000 copies/mL
3 to <5 years<750 (<25)Moderate or SevereTreat for CD4 or clinical criteria
Otherwise Consider treatment, especially if VL >100,000 copies/mL
≥5 years<500Moderate or SevereTreat for CD4 or clinical criteria
Otherwise consider treatment for children, especially if VL >100,000 copies/mL; treat all adolescents and adults
Pregnant womenAnyAnyTreat all
  • HIV=human immunodeficiency virus; VL=viral load.