Table.

Common Neonatal and Infant Diagnoses Requiring Coordinated Follow-up After NICU Discharge

CATEGORYDIAGNOSESCATEGORYDIAGNOSES
GeneralPrematurityEndocrineMetabolic bone disease of prematurity
Genetic syndromesHyperinsulinism
Neonatal abstinence syndrome
PulmonaryBronchopulmonary dysplasiaNeurologicIntracranial hemorrhage
Congenital lung anomalies (congenital diaphragmatic hernia, congenital pulmonary airway malformation)Hydrocephalus
Meconium aspiration syndromeSeizures
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy
Therapeutic hypothermia
Congenital neuromuscular disorders
Congenital CNS malformations
CardiovascularCongenital heart diseaseInfectious diseaseRecurrent infections
PDAPerinatal HIV exposure
Transcatheter PDA closurePerinatal hepatitis B/C exposure
Pulmonary hypertension
ECMO
Hypertension
GastrointestinalCongenital anomalies (gastroschisis, atresias, duplications)OphthalmologicRetinopathy of prematurity
Short gut syndromeCongenital eye anomalies
RenalCongenital renal anomalies (multicystic dysplastic kidney)HematologicAnemia of prematurity
Acute kidney injuryImmunodeficiency
GenitourinaryCongenital GU anomalies (posterior urethral valves, hypospadias)ENTHearing loss
Vesicoureteral refluxAirway anomalies
Tracheostomy
MetabolicInborn errors of metabolism
  • Any congenital or acquired condition or complication that may impact long-term health, function, and/or neurodevelopment adds to medical complexity.

  • CNS=central nervous system, ECMO=extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, ENT=ear, nose, throat, GU=genitourinary, HIV=human immunodeficiency virus, PDA=patent ductus arteriosus.