Table 1.

Zoonoses and Fever of Unknown Origin

ExposureZoonoses
BirdsPsittacosis, cryptosporidiosis, histoplasmosis, West Nile virus
CatsBartonella henselae, tularemia, Pasteurella multocida, rabies, Capnocytophaga, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, Toxoplasma gondii, Toxocara cati, Echinococcus, Ancylostoma braziliense, Dipylidium caninum, leptospirosis, Sporothrix schenckii, Microsporum canis
Cows, Sheep, GoatsEscherichia coli, Campylobacter, Salmonella, Cryptosporidium, Coxiella, tularemia, Brucella
DogsRabies, Brucella, Pasteurella multocida, Capnocytophaga, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Giardia lamblia, Toxocara canis, Ancylostoma caninum, Echinococcus, Dipylidium caninum
FerretsSalmonella, Campylobacter, cryptosporidiosis, toxocariasis, tuberculosis, leptospirosis, listeriosis, influenza, Giardia, Mycobacterium microti, rabies
Water (Fish, Water Mammals, Oysters Clams)Mycobacterium marinum, schistosomiasis, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, V vulnificus, Brucella Legionella, Pseudomonas, Parachlamydia, Giardia, Mycobacterium leprae, M avium, M marinum, M ulcerans, M simiae, Burkholderiaceae, Coxiella burnetii, Francisella tularensis, Enterobacteriaceae, Vibrionaceae, Listeria monocytogenes, Helicobacter pylori, Cryptococcus neoformans
SquirrelsToxoplasma gondii, Rickettsia prowazekii
HorsesSalmonella, Campylobacter, Cryptosporidium, Giardia lamblia, Clostridium difficile, Brucella, Rhodococcus equi, Coxiella burnetii
Insect Bites (Mosquitoes, Ticks, Fleas)Malaria, Trypanosoma cruzi, equine encephalitis, West Nile virus, Lyme disease, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, Yersinia pestis, tularemia, Dirofilaria immitis, leishmania, coltiviruses (Colorado tick fever), Lyme disease, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, Toscana virus
RabbitsSalmonella, tularemia, Yersinia, Cryptosporidium, Trichophyton, Pasteurella multocida, rabies, babesiosis
ReptilesSalmonella, Edwardsiella tarda, Plesiomonas, pentastomiasis
RodentsTularemia, leptospirosis, rat bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis and Spirillum minus), rabies, Salmonella, lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus, Trichophyton, hantavirus, Pasteurella