Table 1.

Criteria for the Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus (DM)1

• Symptoms of DM plus a random blood glucose level of ≥11.1 mmol/L (≥200 mg/dL) OR
• FPG ≥7.0 mmol/L (≥126 mg/dL) OR
• 2-hr PG ≥11.1 mmol/L (≥200 mg/dL) during an OGTT
  • Classic symptoms of DM include polyuria, polydipsia, and weight loss.

  • FPG = fasting plasma glucose, PG = postprandial glucose.

  • The oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) should be performed as described by the World Health Organization.

  • 1 Adapted from the Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus.