Table 4.

Meal Plans

Calorie Content
2000 kcal/m2 or 1000 kcal + 100 kcal/year of age
Distribution
25% Breakfast
25% Lunch
30% Dinner
20% Snacks
Food Type
50% carbohydrate
25% to 30% fat
20% to 25% protein
Carbohydrate Counting (for older children and teens)
15 to 17 g carbohydrate = 1 CARB
Determine the amount of insulin required to use 1 CARB. Add or subtract this amount of insulin for dietary alterations, eg, 1 extra CARB at dinner = addition of 1 U of short-acting insulin