Table 2.

Adjunct Therapies for Hypoglycemia

THERAPYEFFECTDOSAGE
CorticosteroidsDecrease peripheral glucose utilizationHydrocortisone 5 to 15 mg/kg per day or Prednisone 2 mg/kg per day
GlucagonStimulates glycogenolysis30 mcg/kg if normal insulin 300 mcg/kg if increased insulin
DiazoxideInhibits insulin secretion15 mg/kg per day
Somatostatin (long-acting: octreotide acetate)Inhibits insulin and growth hormone release5 to 10 mcg/kg every 6 to 8 h
PancreatectomyDecreases insulin secretion