TABLE 1.

Causes of Acute Renal Failure in Children

CausesDeveloping Country/ Referral Center n (%)Industrialized Country/Tertiary Center n (%)
Hemolytic-uremic syndrome25(31)5(3)
Glomerulonephritis18(23)
Intrinsic renal disease64(44)
Urinary obstruction7(9)
Postoperative sepsis14(18)49(34)
Ischemic and prerenal14(18)
Organ and bone marrow transplant19(13)
Miscellaneous2(3)9(6)
Total80146
  • From Flynn JT. Causes, management approaches, and outcome of acute renal failure in children. Curr Opin Pediatr. 1998;10:184–189.